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Etnograficheskoe obozrenie • 3-2019


Dashinamzhilov, O.B., and V.V. Lygdenova
The Demographic Transition of the Buryat Residing in the Republic of Buryatia in the 1959-2010s
[Demograficheskii perekhod buriat Respubliki Buriatiia v 1959-2010 gg.]

Odon B. Dashinamzhilov | https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0938-2290 | odon@bk.ru | Institute of History SB RAS (8 Nikolaeva St., Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia)

Victoria V. Lygdenova | https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4277-8155 | victoria.lygdenova@gmail.com | Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS (17 Acad. Lavrentiev Avenue, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia)

Type of publication: Research Article

Keywords
Buryats, Eastern Siberia, peoples of Siberia, population dynamics, birth rate, mortality, migration, ethnic demography

Abstract
The article presents the results of research on the demographic statistics, population dynamics, birth and death rates, and age composition of Buryats residing in the Republic of Buryatia in the 1959-2010s. Drawing on the analysis of Soviet and Russian population censuses, we examine the reproduction statistics and trends of demographic transition among the Buryats. We show various factors that have an impact on this transition, such as social, class, and educational structure of the society, degree of its urbanization, state policies and economic reforms. We argue that the population numbers of the Buryats during the period under consideration increased significantly due to their starting position at the earlier stages of demographic modernization that were characterized by high birth rates and comparatively low mortality rates.

Funding Information
This research was supported by the following institutions and grants:
Russian Foundation for Basic Research, https://doi.org/10.13039/501100002261 [18-09-00395]

Citation (Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed., Author-Date, article titles not enclosed in quotation marks)

Dashinamzhilov, O.B., and V.V. Lygdenova. 2019. Demograficheskii perekhod buriat Respubliki Buriatiia v 1959-2010 gg. [The Demographic Transition of the Buryat Residing in the Republic of Buryatia in the 1959-2010s]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 3: 183-197. https://doi.org/10.31857/S086954150005287-5

PDFFull text is distributed by eLibrary.Ru

Submitted 23.05.2018 | Accepted 31.01.2019

 


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