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Etnograficheskoe obozrenie • 1-2018


Dobrovolskaya, V.E.
Feigned and True Disability in the Russian Fairy Tale in the Context of Folklore Tradition
[Mnimaia i real'naia invalidnost' v russkoi volshebnoi skazke v kontekste fol'klornoi traditsii]

Varvara Dobrovolskaya | http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2346-7493 | dobrovolska@inbox.ru | State Russian Folklore Center of the Center for Cultural Strategies and Project Management (Roskultproekt) of the Ministry of Culture of Russian Federation (6 Petrovskii per., Moscow, 107031, Russia)

Type of publication: Research Article

Keywords
folklore, Russian fairy tale, disability, beliefs

Abstract
The article deals with disability in the Russian fairy tale. The national outlook related to handicapped persons has a dual character. Physical handicap can be a kind of sign of election, and may, on the contrary, indicate that the person presents a danger to others and is a wrong-doer. In most of folklore genres disability is always real, sometimes it can be cured, it can bring a person to faith, cause his death, physical and spiritual suffering. In fairy tales, disability is not only real but also imaginary. With the help of pretended illness, the fairy-tale characters hide their true status and help their relatives, etc. Feigned disease may act as a kind of test for a character. The need for simulation disability ceases when the character reaches a desired result. The real disease can be the result of "ordinary life" of heroes of fairy tales (blindness of the king), but more often the result of action of their antagonists. Disability in fairy tales is always cured with a magic way through various magic means (water, apple, dew, etc.). Moreover, in fairy tales, in contrast to the Christian legends, the help of God and the saints is quite rare.

Funding Information
This research was supported by the following institutions and grants:
Russian Foundation for Humanities, https://doi.org/10.13039/100009094 [grant 16-01-00145]

Citation (Chicago Manual of Style, 16th ed., Author-Date, article titles not enclosed in quotation marks)

Dobrovolskaya, V.E. 2018. Mnimaia i real'naia invalidnost' v russkoi volshebnoi skazke v kontekste fol'klornoi traditsii [Feigned and True Disability in the Russian Fairy Tale in the Context of Folklore Tradition]. Etnograficheskoe obozrenie 1: 12-27. https://doi.org/10.7868/S0869541518010025

PDFFull text is distributed by eLibrary.Ru

Submitted 21.03.2017 | Accepted 21.11.2017

 


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